Control performance indicators for realization of the Roadmap
|Number of patents in the sphere of photonics and its application issued in the Russian Federation||250||300||500|
|Number of the Russian Federation subjects that have the target programs of photonics technologies development for regional economy modernization||0||20||50|
|Number of high-tech workplaces occupied by photonics creators and users||36||42||60|
The Decree of the Russian Federation Government dated July 24, 2013 No. 1305-r approved the Roadmap "Development of optoelectronic technologies (photonics)"
The Decree of the Russian Federation Government dated June 23, 2016 No. 1299-r amended the Roadmap "Development of optoelectronic technologies (photonics)", approved by the Decree of the Russian Federation Government dated July 24, 2013 No. 1305-р
Photonics – is an area of science and technology connected with generation and spreading of photon fluxes, their management, study and use of their interaction with the substance. The term "photonics" in its present-day understanding appeared at the end of the 20th century. It generalizes and replaces the term "optics", encompassing quantum electronics, laser physics and technology, non-linear, integral, fiber and quantum optics, optoelectronics, optoinformation science, photoelectronics, laser technologies and other scientific and technical directions for which the basic process is the transmission of energy or information using the photon flux.
Subject areas of photonics and priority directions of development:
A section of photonics connected with the study and practical use of photons interaction with biological objects. It usually also includes biomedical uses of laser radiation.
The area of photonics connected with the study and practical use of optic fibers, as well as the physical phenomena that arise and last during distribution of light in optic fibers and devices based on them.
The area of optics connected with the study of general properties of images considering the specific nature of visual perception; as well as the method of computer processing of images, their transformation and reproduction.
The area of optics connected with the study and practical use of planar optical waveguides, as well as the physical phenomena that arise and last in planar optical waveguides and devices based on them. It is often used in a wider sense as a synonym of the term "integral photonics".
An area of applied physics connected with the study and practical application of the methods of strengthening and generation of electromagnetic radiation based on the use of the induced radiation phenomenon in non-equilibrium quantum systems.
Coherent optics (the same as the coherent radiation optics)
An area of present-day physical optics connected with formation and distribution of coherent radiation in optical systems and transmitting environments.
An area of optics connected with the study of phenomena where the quantum properties of light may be seen. Such phenomena include spontaneous (heat) radiation, photoeffect, Compton effect, combinational scattering (Raman scattering), photochemical processes, induced radiation, etc. Non-classical states of the electromagnetic field are studied within the quantum optics.
Laser optics (optics of lasers)
The area of optics connected with the study and practical use of laser radiation, as well as the physical phenomena that arise and last in the laser radiation field and devices that use laser radiation.
An area of photonics connected with the study and practical application of physical phenomena that arise during interaction of photons with the objects of nanometric size, incl, with creation of devices where nanostructures are used for light generation or absorption.
An area of photonics connected with development and study of the peculiarities of using the methods, technologies and devices of photonics in the interests of defense.
Technologies realized on the basis of optical radiation.
Note: The term "optical technology" appeared some time ago in the literature in English as the general term for the equipment and technologies whose main element is the ray of light, as a rule, laser ray (that's why the second variant of this term is laser-optical technologies). At present, the terms "photonics technologies" or "technologies of photonics" are used more often.
Optical information science, or optoinformation science
An area of photonics connected with creation of technologies of transmission, acceptance, processing and display of information with the help of a photon flux.
A sphere of science and engineering aimed at the study, creation and application of optical devices and technologies.
An area of photonics mainly connected with the study of the effects of interaction between electromagnetic waves of the optical range and electrons of the matter, which encompasses the problems of creating optoelectronic devices where these effects are used for receipt, processing, transmission, storage and display of information.
Products of photonics (Photonic devices)
Devices and systems where the basic process is the transmission of energies or information by photon flux.
An area of optoinformation science that solves the problems of processing microwave signals with the help of optical processes, as well as the problems of transmission, acceptance and processing of information by joint use of electromagnetic waves in the optical range and microwaves and building specific elements, devices and systems on this basis.
Optical sensory field
An area of photonics connected with development of principles, methods and devices for diagnostics.
An area of physics and technology connected with creation of technological equipment to receive electricity with the help of special semi-conductor elements, solar batteries, by photoelectric transformation of selectively absorbed solar radiation.